Archive for the ‘ Sagitarius ’ Category

1869, November 29 – BIRTH OF JACOB “THUNE” GADE

Composer, Violinist (Sagittarius) – his “Tango Jalousie” is the most recorded and best know tango in history and was immensely popular even in Argentina where people would have been quite surprised to find out that it had been composed by some one from Denmark…Gade recalled the day, as he was having his morning coffee, he opened the newspaper and was greeted with the sensational story of a man who had killed his wife out of jealousy…on his morning walk he was haunted by the story and when he returned home he sat down to compose and finished in  just two hours…it has been used in over 100 films and countless television productions…it is estimated that every minute of the day someone somewhere in the world is playing “Tango Jalousie”; only the Beatles’ “Yesterday” could for a time match its popularity


Joseph “Thune” Gade was born into a family of musicians; his family including his grandfather and father would play at festivals in the surrounding villages…early on he started studying the trumpet was so talented that at the age of nine he did a solo performance  in Copenhagen; at the age of 12 Joseph began studying violin….At the age of 16, Joseph decided to move to the capital Copenhagen to seek his fortune; those were difficult years when he would sometimes sleep in entrance halls of buildings relaying on the kindness of elderly ladies to give him some coffee and bread in the morning…by day he would compose country music and polkas; by night he would play in the local cafes…at the age of 18 he got his first break when he was invited to play at an operetta in Fredricksburg…in 1900, for the first time a “toast” song of his was published titled “Der Er Sollys i Modne Druer” (The sunshine on the ripe grapes)…it was popularized when it was recorded by Elna From, a theater actress ten years older than he, who was his first love; they never married but they had three children together…he left his vast fortune to help struggling young musicians preferably those homeless and destitute.


  • CLICK HERE – to hear the Peter Kreude version…Kreude was a child prodigy born in Aachen Germany in 1901…in Switzerland he met Eva Peron and fell in love with her…he followed her to Buenos Aires and remained there until her death whereup he returned to Germany and continued his great career as a film soundtrack composer


Composer, Leader, Bandoneonist (Sagittarius) – curiously he had composed “Gitana Rusa” ten years earlier in his struggling years and it had been first recorded by Osvaldo Fresedo but when he recorded it with his own orchestra in 1957 it was a major hit…Juan Sanchez Gorio was born in Spain to a poor family which moved to San Nicolas just outside of Buenos Aires when he was four years old…from the first time he heard the bandoneon on the streets of Buenos Aires, he was mesmerized by its sound and he implored his father to let him take lessons…his talent was such that at the age of 13 he had formed his first trio and a little later he was recruited by Alberto Pugliese, Osvaldo Pugliese‘s brother…


At the age of 20 he formed his own orchestra; his first break came when he was hired by Radio Splendido…in 1943 he formed his first which with its rhythmical style suitable for dancing made it very fashionable; he had his first taste of fame and financial reward…On august 18 1944 he recorded his first disc; on one side a tango of his own composition “Oriente” on the other  the waltz “Claveles Mendocinos” composed by Alfredo Pelaia…it was an important hit at a key moment in his career…he had a successful 20 year run before the advent of the rock era in the 60s that sent tango into hibernation..he passed away unexpectedly at the age of 58



Composer, Leader, Violinist (Sagittarius) – born into extreme poverty in the city of San Jose de Mayo, Uruguay he would grow to become the richest man in tango history so much so that a popular saying arose “he has more money than Canaro”…he left school very early, he had no choice, he had to work; his parents, immigrants from Rovigo, Italy had eight children…he was mesmerized by the violin; his first violin he constructed himself from an old oil can with which he would play on the streets to earn money…years later he would recall with tenderness, the patch quilt cloth case his mother had made for his “violin”; at the age of 18 he finally bought himself a real violin…his first gig was in a seedy bar in the outskirts of Buenos Aires where gun fire to resolve arguments was not uncommon…in 1908 he composed his first tango “Pinta Brava”,  many more were to follow including great hits however many other tangos attributed to him, he actually bought from destitute composers…


No one is sure how many recordings he made but the estimates range from 3500 to 7000…in 1924 he pioneered the idea of having a singer in the orchestra but only to sing the “estribillo” the bridge or the main section of each tango…by 1915 his orchestra was immensely popular; so popular that he created three orchestras with his name which performed simultaneously around Buenos Aires…his one area of failure was the film industry; his film company Rio de la Plata had only one film that made money, “Idolos De La Radio”…….some time in late 1920s he began his affair with the legendary Ada Falcon who was very much in love with him…when he realizes how much money he would lose in a divorce, he reneged on his promise to marry Ada…at one point his wife actually threatened Ada by pointing a gun to her head…it has been speculated that Ada’s sudden  retirement from show business at the height of her career to enter a convent was related to her broken heart and this incident


  • CLICK HERE – to hear the Francisco Canaro Orchestra play “Yo No Se Que Me Han Hechos Tus Ojos” (I don’t understand what your eyes have done to me) with  music and lyrics by Francisco Canaro


Singer (Sagittarius) – by the age of 18 she was already a professional actress on radio and theater, had made her first recording, had married, given birth to a daughter and was in the middle of a difficult divorce;…she was to have a long, highly successful career becoming the first female super star of tango and along the way enduring a series of seemingly never-ending mishaps…in 1935 she may have tried to commit suicide by jumping from a building, luckily an awning broke her fall and saved her life…born in Rosario Argentina, she was the daughter Gaudencio, a son of French immigrants (originally to Uruguay), who married a woman with six children; Libertad was their only mutual child…Gaudencio was a tinsmith by day and a cultured fiery political anarchist by night; in fact Libertad grew up in a household full of music, literature and fashionable ideas…


Gaudencio started his daughter in theater at the age of seven where she frequently acted in his own plays full of provocative  ideas…Libertad was beloved by the public and when she was 12, Gaudencio decided that she was ready for Buenos Aires and so he moved the tinsmith shop and the whole family there…with a letter of introduction in hand from a journalist she was given a small role in the famous Teatro Nacional; she never stopped working…she married a theater promoter with whom she had a daughter but quite soon she realized it was a mistake and she would seek a divorce…during the shooting of the film “La Cabalgata del Circo” she got into a  argument with actress Eva Duarte “Evita” whom myth states that she slapped and which resulted in Libertad being blackballed…Libertad, in her autobiography, would deny that she had ever slapped Evita and Evita woul later denied any involvement in  her being ostracized but nevertheless all avenues in Argentina were inexplicably closed to her….Liberta emigrated to Mexico where she was eventually adored and worship to such a degree that Mexicans considered her one of their own; in fact it was from this venue that she would become an internationally beloved star…the output in her career is mind-boggling, over 800 recordings, 65 films and even the screenwriter for her film “Ayudame a Vivir”…she died at the age of 92 in Mexico City while performing in a “telenovela”



This controversial, handwritten will states, “First I am French-born in Toulouse, on December 11, 1890 and I am son of Berthe Gardes”… there had been no previous public notice that Gardel had any relationship with France whatsoever…on the contrary, when asked about his nationality, Gardel would repeatedly answer that he was Uruguayan, born in Tacuarembó…when he had obtained his first official identity document (“Constancia de nacionalidad”) in Buenos Aires on October 8, 1920, he declared to have been born in Tacuarembó to “Carlos and María, deceased”..several other documents stated the same thing including the charred passport found in his inner suit pocket when his body was pulled  from the airplane wreckage in Medellin, Colombia…in the deliberations that followed, an original birth certificate of a child born in Toulouse to Berthe Gardès on December 11, 1890 surfaced…following extensive deliberations on the matter, on April 14, 1937, the government of Uruguay declared Doña Bertha Gardés the universal heir of her son Carlos Gardel


In all likely hood he had done this to protect himself from the French government who at the beginning of World War I was sending draft notices to its citizens all over the world…Interesting, this was also the date of Gardel’s departure from Buenos Aires never to return alive Europe he made brief stops in Barcelona and Paris before traveling to the United States, to make a debut on the most important radio network in the world, NBC of New York…around this time would emerge the idea of a tour through Latin America; the one during which his plane would crash on the runway during takeoff and end his life tragically at the age of 40…in 1967 a group of previously unknown “relatives” surfaced claiming that Gardel had in fact been one Carlos Escayola Oliva born in the rural estate of Carlos Escayola Medina, in the Uruguayan department of Tacuarembo.


1933, October 5 – PREMIERE OF “ESPERAME”

Film – “Esperame” (wait for me) directed by French director Luis Gasnier, premiered on this date at the Cine Real in Buenos Aires…it was filmed at Paramount Studios in Jollyville France…the script for the film was written by Alfredo Le Pera and the music was composed by Carlos Gardel, Don Aspiazu, and Marcel Lattes …(Marcel Lattes, French pianist and composer, would eventually die in Auschwitz)


Rosario, played by Spanish dancer Goyita Herrero is in love with Carlos de Acuna, played by Carlos Gardel but her father has chosen someone else for her…Carlos de Acuna is a singer in a cafe in a town somewhere in Spain; Rosario is herself a singer and a dancer…After many vicissitudes,  a key witness reveals to the father the unscrupulous nature of the man he had chosen and Rosita and Carlos are blissfully united…in the final scene, Gardel and Goyita charm the audience by singing together the rumba “Por Tus Ojos Negros”


1917, September 28 – Premiere of “FLOR DE DURAZNO”

Film – based on Hugo Wast’s 3rd novel, this silent film, at the age of 27, was Carlos Gardel’s first film…he did not like it; he said “I am a singer not an actor”…in fact he leaves the set at Villa Dolores, Cordoba  in total disgust to return to Buenos Aires….the director himself, Francisco Defilipis Novoa, intercedes him at the train station and bargains with him to return…he did not look well on the film; he appeared highly overweight and in fact he did not receive good reviews….


In the film, Gardel plays “Fabian” whose girlfriend “Rina” is seduced and abandoned with child by a German while he is away in Buenos Aires…in time, Fabian forgives Rina and they marry but the untimely death of the child surfaces old wounds concluding eventually, in a tragic ending for all….the film was screened500 times and established Wast (a notorious anti-Semite)  as a major writer.



Film – premiered at the Capitol Cinema in Buenos Aires… filmed at Paramount studios in Joinville France it was directed by Chilean, Aldequi Millar and written by Manuel Romero and Luis Bayon Herrera…,…it was Carlos Gardel’s (born 11 December 1887, Sagittarius) first talking picture and the one that propelled him to global stardom…


When his car breaks down somewhere in the countryside of Argentina, a theatrical impresario seeks shelter in a nearby farmhouse…overhearing a girl,  Elvira, singing, the impresario convinces her to come to Buenos Aires to become a star… her boyfriend Anselmo played by Gardel is heartbroken…with a group of friends he goes to Buenos Aires; they find her at a party of questionable morality…disilussioned and hurt Anselmo repairs to a cafe where he sings the hit “Tomo y Oblio” (I drink and forget)…finally they resort to an ingenious stratagem to abduct Elvira and take herback to the countryside… there is a happy ending.


  • CLICK HERE to see a clip of the film where Gardel sings “Tomo y Oblio” …at the time Gardel was upset as, due to scheduling difficulties, he had to sing it without rehearsal….the song was written by Gardel with lyrics by Manuel Romero

1925, September 14 – first performance of “TANGO JALOUSIE”

First performed on 14th September 1925, a Monday, at the Palads Theatre in Copenhagen for the premiere, in Denmark, of the silent film Don Q, Son of Zorro, starring Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Astor… It is not only the best known tango in the world but it is estimated that every minute of the day someone somewhere in the world is playing “Tango Jalousie”; only the Beatles’ “Yesterday” could for a time match its popularity.


It has been included in over 100 films…Gade (born Nov. 29, 1879, Sagittarius) was inspired to write it when he read in the newspaper of a man murdering his wife out of jealousy. He was a self-taught country fiddler, who as a struggling musician would sometimes sleep in doorways.  The instant, worldwide popularity of Jalousie made him immensely  rich and he retired to the countryside to devote himself to composing.


  • CLICK HERE to hear a 1929 version recorded in Berlin with clips from 2 silent films Asphalt (1929) starring Betty Ammann and Gustav Fröhlich and “Our modern maidens” (1929) starring Joan Crawford.

1904, September 11 – CARLOS GARDEL IS DETAINED

Singer (birth 11 December 1890) Sagittarius – detained as a runaway, someone perhaps his mother Berta Gardes, identifies him the day after…to the police the young Gardel declares his age as 14, his birthplace as Toulouse France and his profession as “typographer”…in fact, he was a brilliant student in typography; a certificate from Colegio Pio IX issued on November 3, 1901 awards him first prize.


Gardel was always good in school…at Colegio San Estanislao records indicate that he was an outstanding student…at Colegio Pio IX he had received the honor “Digno de Albanza” for his academic excellence…the details of the runaway incident are not known but at age 16 he quits school to devote himself to singing and in time become the greatest tango legend in history


  • CLICK HERE – to hear him sing and dance in the film “Tango Bar” directed by John Reinhardt and  premiering  in 1935…it was to be Gardel’s last film as soon after he dies in a plane wreck in Medellin Colombia